"Fertilizer cured the soils weakening, often overexploited through successive monocultures", indicates Monday, Lambert Nayante, consultant international, CEO of Calafi agribusiness group.

The international expert sounds that "use only fertilizers will never allow farmers achieve a good performance by hectare".

 Fertilizer Npk, urea... widely used

NPK fertilizer is regarded as a universal economic and well balanced fertilizer. Example: 15-15-15 fertilizer is a mineral fertilizer that contains, extremely well balanced, the following nutrients: -nitrogen (N): nitric nitrogen, 15% - phosphorus (P): phosphoric anhydride, 15%; -potassium (K) (Latin kalium): oxide of potassium, 15%.

Thus, its composition is: NPK 15-15-15.

The letters are the chemical symbols of the nutrients in the fertilizer and the figures indicate the percentage of each of the components. This 15-15-15 fertilizer is focused enough but not too much and used to fertilize the ground reasonably.

It remains a chemical fertilizer, to which it is impossible to compete with the fertilizer essential to the conservation of the layer, natural humifere, essential condition for high quality agriculture.

Fertilizer, subsidized by the State, good practice?

An objective analysis of the practice of the fertilizer, subsidized by the States, does not seem to indicate that it is a good practice.  In the first place, it does that restrict farmers in the activation of the only crop of pension with average yields.

The only way out for Togo or African farmers is to master smart agriculture, (use of seeds appropriate to increase yields per hectare, prior analysis of the fertility of the soil before l´ use of fertilizers) from which he would be able to master the different stages of development of agricultural production, to make the semi-finished and finished products ready for consumption.

Fertilizers to the current step can be improved in Togo, where the need to reform the way in which agricultural and agro-peasant’s activities is currently enabled.

It is especially a return to agriculture reflected in report to the realities of the soil potential of Togo.

Does the peasant really need fertilizer each season?

All soils used in long cycle without Fallows still need inputs. Before the use of these agricultural inputs which do not necessarily give a warranty on the increase of yields, however, an analysis to determine the fertility of the soil and the need for nutrients for next season, which is rarely in our country.

However, we can do without it, because there are several techniques that have the particularity to regenerate soil, apart from fertilizer either chemical or organic. It is the technique of planting with a purpose of green manures and permaculture.

The lessons from the highly advanced European model in Europe, there are two visions of agriculture, who are beginning to confront. 

Oblivious to the damage on the environment, with the only visible consequences for deterioration of the soils, the disappearance of the layer humifere, dusty land erosion and pollution of groundwater requiring a significant increase in treatment costs for the supply of drinking water because of the use excessive chemical fertilizers.

The second vision is a "citizen movement" that is becoming increasingly scale and which grows as a disgruntled consumer to the decrease in quality of life, begin to encourage short circuits that produce and to source quality products (Bio) at affordable prices, short circuits which also have the advantage of generating an increase in producer incomes and human health.

This vision is based on the Hippocratic oath that says "Let your food be your only medicine".  

In addition, use only fertilizers will never allow farmers achieve a good performance to hectare. The success of the increase in yields in hectare the Association of several factors: use of hybrid seeds, good cropping technique, access to credit, use of the machines-tools for l´ appendage of fertilizers (photo) 

What is currently at 80% in Africa-hand, permaculture.The combination of all these factors are necessary for farmers so that good performance can be obtained at hectare.

 

Mots-clés :

Votre avis