The situation by country covers rainfall data, production areas, areas planted, crop establishment, economic data, difficulties encountered and prospects for the next season.
According to Ousmane N. Traore, Production Director of the Malian Textile Development Company (CMDT) and Chairman of the PR-PICA Steering Committee, we note good production and value of African cotton overall.
BENIN enhances its ambitions
Benin for this season has grown 656,453 ha for 675,000 tons of cotton to date. The country expects until the end of the season 700,000 tons for 1006 kg per hectare.
Beninese seed cotton was sold during this campaign at the first choice at 265CFA and 215CFA for the second choice. For the 2019-2020 campaign, the country is raising its ambitions and wishes to plant 700 000 ha in terms to produce 850 000 tons.
Burkina Faso improves average performance
Areas planted and surveyed achieved an achievement rate of 69% compared to the intentions expressed in early campaign credit committees. Rainfall conditions resulted in significant normal plantings (about 53% of seedlings). However, the difficult start resulted in late sowing, which accounts for more than 26% of the total area planted to 681,000 ha.
The volume of seed cotton production at the national level could reach 436 000 tons of seed cotton by the end of the ginning season (May 2019).
It is below that of the previous season due to a decline of -29% (a difference of 176 000 tons). This underperformance follows that achieved between the 2017/2018 and 2016/2017 campaigns, which corresponds to a drop of -10%.
The purchase price of seed cotton of 1st choice was sold at 250 CFA against 245 CFA in 2017/2018 and 225CFA against 220CFA the campaign elapsed that of the 2nd choice.
The cotton companies are already setting seed cotton production at 775,000 tons (+ 78%) for the next season, compared to production in 2018/2019.
Achieving these production targets, according to them, requires an improvement in the average yield in the field at about 1,000 kg per hectare compared to 675 kg per hectare achieved in the previous season, for 48% improvement rate.
Mali improves by 5 F / kg on each choice
In Mali, the 2018/2019 season took place in a favorable socio-economic context, with as a highlight the payment of the totality of the previous season's production before the end of April 2018 and the fixing of the seed cotton base price at 255CFA/ kg for the 1st choice.
For the 2018/2019 season, the basic purchase prices for conventional cotton producers are set at 255CF/ kg for the 1st choice, 230CFA/ kg for the 2nd choice and 210CFA/ kg for the 3rd choice, meaning an improvement of 5CFA / kg on each choice compared to the 2017/2018 campaign.
The 2019/2020 campaign is already planning to exploit 782 000 hectares to produce 800 000 tons, for a yield of 1023 kg per hectare.
Ivory Coast: rising its production
After the 450,000 tons obtained during the 2014/2015 season, production fell to 120,000t before rising to 328,000 tons in the 2016-2017 season. Zoning implementation during the 2017-2018 crop year yielded 413,000 tons with a field yield of 1268 kg / ha.
For this current season, the country planted a total area of 131,151 ha, an evolution of 30% and the expected production is 455,000 tons.
The purchase price of 1st choice seed cotton is 265CFA/kg and 240CFA the second choice. The target set for 2019/2020 is to reach 426,500 ha for 600,000 tons of seed cotton.
SENEGAL wants to stay the course
Senegal, for its part, saw 8% drop in its cotton production, a drop of nearly 19% in yields after a 12% rise in 2017.
For this season, the country has planted an area of 21736 hectares and realized 15121 tons for a yield of 696 kg/ha. It foresees a total production of 17 500 tons at the end of the season.
The purchase price of Senegalese 1st choice seed cotton was delivered at 300CFA subsidized at 45CFA / kg by the State. Senegal plans to reach an area of 22 000 hectares for its cotton crop but for the next season (2019/2020), the country intends to maintain the 19 800 ha to reach 20 000 tons.
TOGO, a good student
The 2018-2019 cotton season in Togo was marked by favorable rainfall conditions as a whole during the planting season and unfavorable at the time of the crop interviews.
Producers' satisfaction with the evacuation and the quick payroll of their income, the improvement of the purchase price of the kg of cotton thanks to the payment of a differential of 20CFA between the final price and the initial price (2017-2018) and the fixing of the initial price of 2018-2019 at 250CFA/ kg.
Hence, the purchase price of Togolese 1st choice seed cotton was fixed at 250CFA and the second choice fixed at 230CFA.
In terms of production, the country has planted a total of 179,602 hectares for a total production of 127,463 tons. For the 2019-2020 season, Togo plans to plant an area of 190,000 hectares to produce 152,000 tons, meaning a yield of 800kg / ha.