BAGNY, Design Engineer in Mechanical Engineering, Graduate of ENSI, Technical and Industrial Expert unveils three essential things to master to be sure to make a good choice.
What will the machine be used for?
This is the first question to be asked before investing in agricultural machine, since, these machines are often expensive and there is a variety of suppliers and different technologies.
Multipurpose agricultural equipment does not yet exist, so you must determine what work and what operations you will do with this equipment: farm work or field, plowing, traction, transport, harvesting...
The characteristics of the farm
The area, the type of land covering your land, the geography and the potential expansion projects of your farm are among others data you must master and take into account before investing in agricultural equipment. A technical study is therefore necessary.
For an area of 5 hectares for example, a small tractor of 30 to 40 horsepower can do the trick, but for a large operation, it will go to 70 horsepower for example.
Depending on the configuration of your land and the planned operations, you will choose the tractor accessories.
Another example: for a rice field of 50 hectares where the soil at the time of harvest is still wet and muddy, think of a mini-harvester with or without a threshing machine, weighing a few hundred kilos rather than a big combine harvester 4.5 tons that will bog down all the time.
Use and maintenance
Buying a mechanical machine is like buying a car or a motorized machine. It is necessary to ensure that you have the right human resource to make your equipment function.
You must also be sure that you have the qualified manpower and a close after-sales service to maintain the equipment and repair it in the case of breakdown.
Finally, we always recommend to choose simple and efficient equipment, with an accessible and easy to maintain mechanics, rather than advanced equipment with highly complex or electronic technology that is not always adapted to tropical conditions.
The consumption of energy (fuel, electricity, pneumatic ...) and the cost of maintenance must also be taken into account.
The choice between a solar mill and an electric or diesel mill should be clear, but it should be the right reasoning; that of a true agricultural entrepreneur with the mentality and behavior that go with it.