A successful story that can inspire all of Africa. Here is the end of the record produced by agridigitale newspaper in collaboration with the research community in Senegal and Rwanda.

Axe4: A rigorous process of land registry

The process of registration of land in Rwanda was really technically impressive from several points of view, including the speed at which it was made and the recognition of the land rights of the woman.

However, rental rights granted (for a renewable period of 99 years in rural areas) are subject to several conditions related to land reform.

In most parts of the country, the consolidation of land use is one of these conditions. It requires that families, especially those who are members of producers cooperatives, kind combine agricultural production by changing bumpers cultivation techniques for monoculture on adjacent, and fields, with crops approved by the Government.

The minimum size of a consolidated parcel should be of 5 ha.

Farmers and local authorities work together to rearrange the parcels, produce priority crops, sell, transform, distribute and market agricultural products.

Only farmers who agree to combine ftheir land use benefit from the CIP.

This means that in practice, the land consolidation is often imposed on farmers by local administrators (sometimes in collaboration with the leaders of cooperatives) eager to realize their development objectives. According to the official figures of the Government, 502. 917 hectares have been grouped in 2011, or about 36% of the total area of arable land.

The Government wants the grouping of 70% of arable land from here to 2020.    

The agricultural policy and land law provide that the land could be confiscated by the Government if the farmers do not respect agricultural policies, the General land use plans or other government programs and State regulations. 

For example, article 74 of land law allows the State deto "commandeer" a land for three years, renewable for three years yet.

The massive entry of fertilizers, genetic material and other inputs in Rwandan agricultural system has increased yields in many cultures.

Total grain production has grown from approximately 320,000 tonnes in 2004/2005 to more than 600,000 tons in 2009/2010. According to the Government data, cassava production almost tripled; yields per hectare of Irish potatoes, beans and soybeans has almost doubled.

Yields per hectare for other products across them also increased. The total acreage has increased 13% in recent years.

Axe5: A contractual model imposed by the State

The emergence of a model of contract farming imposed by the State, in particular through cooperatives, but potentially at the individual level also.

The interest is that Contracting is an alternative to the outright land rental and direct control the production by commercial companies, because it is perceived as a means to connect rural producers in the global economy without triggering the dispossession and displacement.

In Rwanda, one of the most important tools is the contract of performance, known in Rwanda as imihigo

Imihigo makes local authorities directly responsible for quantitative objectives.

Rather than accountable being "down" to the population, administrators make their accounts 'upward' in front of their superiors.

Local authorities are likely to lose their jobs if the imihigo objectives are not archived.

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