This Summit is a joint initiative of the Spanish Parliament, the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Latin America and the Caribbean Parliamentary Front against Hunger.
The Summit builds on the work carried out by the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation and FAO since 2006, with the support of the Latin America and the Caribbean Parliamentary Front against Hunger, within the Hunger-Free Latin America and the Caribbean Initiative, incorporating the legislative powers in the fight against hunger and malnutrition.
The UN 2030 Agenda urges countries to redouble their efforts to meet Sustainable Development Goal 2, which pledges to "end hunger, achieve food security and improve nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture" in order to build a world in which "no one is left behind".
According to FAO, the number of undernourished people in the world increased to 821 million in 2017, an increase that threatens previous achievements.
Malnutrition problems are aggravated by increasing rates of overweight and obesity, which went up in most regions. In 2017, according to the World Health Organization, 38 million children under five were overweight.