The president of Senegal, Macky Sall embodies this unique combat of integration in Africa. Chairman of the heads of State and Government of the NEPAD Steering Committee, he has at the 31st session of the African Union in Nouakchott, exposed its proposals for reform.

Before the Summit of Nouakchott, president Sall has issued two days earlier, an important speech at the Assilah festival in Morocco on the theme "Integration in Africa: consensus and dysfunction".

President Macky Sall recalled that NEPAD aims to stimulate African integration by creating the conditions for a structural transformation of the continent by inter-State projects: roads, highways, bridges, railways, Central Electric, dams, infrastructure of ICT etc.

He reported that "all of these projects are recorded in the program of development of infrastructure in Africa (PIDA) are some are already underway."

"My view is that integration is built both by the political vision that defines the contours and the projects that translate this vision into action", he said.

For him, the signature, On March 21, 2018 in Kigali by 44 African countries of the Treaty on the establishment of the African continental free trade Zone (ZLECA), is a qualitative step towards the objective of integration.

The ZLECA seeks to establish free movement of people, a customs union in 2022, and an economic community in 2028.

In the meantime, highlights him :"there are the way to go".

"It will take to allay any suspicions, overcome resistance and complete the negotiations on the liberalisation of the sectors and the harmonisation of trade policies", suggests president Sall.

He adds that "experience has shown that the integration process is accompanied by a gradual transfer of sovereignty, which deprives the State part of its means of regulation".

"There is so to find a balance between the imperatives of the Nation State and the needs of the common destiny", analyzes the Senegalese president, who thinks that

"In the context of the terrorist threat, it will for example balancing the right of free movement and the obligation to control for security reasons".

On the strategy of integration itself, he believes that regional economic communities offer the best way to go for continental reunification; both for reasons of geographic continuity, coherent economic and sociocultural affinities.

He cited for example, ECOWAS which develops, for 43 years, a community successful experience in areas as various as the prevention of conflicts, restoring and maintaining peace, the supervision of electoral processes, trade and development.

The results today are visible. It is the free movement of persons and goods, including the passport and the community identity card, the rate outside common and the common currency project.

The Chairman of the NEPAD warns however that efforts still needed to lift all obstacles to the free movement of persons and goods, including non-tariff barriers, harassment and undue perceptions at the borders.

He thinks that, despite the obstacles and failures, the objective of integration must remain intact both at continental and regional levels.

The rate outside common and the common currency project.

The Chairman of the NEPAD warns however that efforts still needed to lift all obstacles to the free movement of persons and goods, including non-tariff barriers, harassment and undue perceptions at the borders.

He thinks that, despite the obstacles and failures, the objective of integration must remain intact both at continental and regional levels.

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