Following the publication of a report detailing progress and possible ways to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Apollos Nwafor, Pan-African director at Oxfam International thinks we have to go beyond Paris agreement.
Because for him, "doing nothing more and just meeting the commitments made under Paris Agreement condemns the world to a warming of 3 degrees".
He explains that "Climate change has set our planet on fire, millions of people are already feeling the effects, and the IPCC has just shown that things could get much worse. Setting the limit at 2 degrees would be a death sentence for locals in many parts of Africa, the sooner governments join the renewable energy revolution and work to protect communities, the greater the number of lives will be saved"
He continues saying that "A warmer Africa is an Africa that suffers more from hunger. Today, with only 1.1 degrees of global warming, crops and livestock across the region are affected and hunger is rising, poor farmers with small areas in rural areas that are among the most affected, and from there, things get worse".
He points out that the damage inflicted on our planet and on humanity would take an exponential trajectory towards the worst and the irrecoverable.
"None of this is inevitable, which gives us hope that some of the poorest and least emitting countries are now leading the fight for climate protection. An era, you first, at a time follow my example. It's time for the rich world to follow that path," he urged.
Nwafor reiterates his institution's call for more climate-rich, accountable and accountable climate finance from rich countries, funds that help smallholder farmers, especially women, realize their rights to land, food security and climate justice.
"While time is running out, it is still possible to limit warming to 1.5 degrees. We must reject any false solution, such as large-scale land investments that involve driving smallholders out of their land to leave instead of carbon, and instead, we must work to stop the use of fossil fuels, starting by stopping the construction of new coal-fired power plants around the world," he suggested.
According to Oxfam, natural disasters such as droughts and floods prevented the development of African continent.
Fluctuations in agricultural production due to climatic variations, as well as ineffective farming systems, are leading to food insecurity, one of the most obvious indicators of poverty.
The 2016 El Niño phenomenon, which has been reinforced by the effects of climate change, undermined rained agricultural production and displaced more than 40 million Africans.
In the absence of urgent action to reduce global emissions, the frequency of climate shocks and stress in Africa is expected to increase sharply.
Rising temperatures will push millions of people in Africa into poverty and hunger if governments do not act quickly.