How is it produced, marketed and processed? What are the challenges faced by the actors in this sector? The answers in this important issue conducted by Agridigitale newspaper.
Part one, the PRODUCTION
Cashew, cashew Apple fruit, cashew nuts,
People are confused with all these denomination related to the "Cashew" item.
In summary, the term cashew comes from the scientific name occidentalis anacardium. Anacardium is the species and occidentalis, the genus.
The plant usually called cashew produces cashew fruit that is composed of Apple and the cashew nut called cashew nut in English. Language changes, gives the most used term, "cashew nuts."
So it's cashews or nuts of cashew, which is the main element that is the subject of marketing and processing.
Plantation/associations of culture/maintenance/production
The installation of a cashew plantation is done either by direct seeding or transplanting of seedlings after realization of nurseries.
But it is advisable to nurseries before transplant to increase the viability of the plant. Separations vary according to the wills.
But usually, the most used plan is spacing of 10 metres between the lines, 10 metres between the stakes to reach 100 plants per hectare.
"We put the soybean seedlings under until we feel that productivity had become weak" explains ESSO Nanzirou, cashew exploitative manager at TCHAMI a, 373km from Lome.
From the fourth year, a few early productions can be observed but very insignificant. Severally, a good production needs 10 years.
Cashew farms maintenance is important for the protection of exploitation against Bush fires because it takes at least three years to a cashew reached by the Bush fire to resume its normal production.
once it ripes, it is way collected following the alignment of the trees. The collected fruit are devoid of their apples and there is cashew nuts which are maintained and stored waiting for their commercialisation.
Cashew producers are facing difficulties that have an impact on their income.
However, the most important of these challenges and that is common to the producers surveyed is rob.
The purchase price of cashews and the production of the plant system, thieves are more interested in this product which in a few minutes of operations can lead to a ticket of 10,000 F Cfa.
In the face of this scourge, the security measures are needed and reduce profit as a result. The cooperative of producers of cashew Tchamba (COPAT) exploiting a plot of 24 hectares is obliged to take six security officers among its members and who look after the operation in a turn over.
"Despite everything, they continue to steal but not as if we weren't there" says Attarouwa Alfa, Member of the cooperative and responsible for the security of the site.
Moussa, must often go around in exploitation of cashew belonged to his mum to AGBANSIKITI on the Togo-Benin border in the canton of Kaboli to reduce the frequency of thieves.
Expenses related to the security of the site, added to other lead to a profit close to zero for the cooperative.
Part 2, to be followed the next Saturday...