Countries and institutions are performing great towards the achievements of these goals.
There have been a lot of capacity building, sensitizations and funds released to support these initiatives. However, the initiative is still struggling to succeed. A collective support and commitment is needed to achieve its objectives.
Farmers, Agriculturalist and green lovers are very concern about the goal 2, which is No Hunger. The question is who doesn’t eat? If we all eat, then, the next question is what constitute what we eat?
According to UNDP, effort has been made to undernourished people in the world from 15% as at 2002 to 11% in 2016. About 793 million people are undernourished globally, down from 930 million people during the same period.
In 2016, an estimated 155 million children under 5 years of age were stunted (too short for their age, a result of chronic malnutrition). Globally, the stunting rate fell from 33 per cent in 2000 to 23 per cent in 2016.
Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa accounted for three quarters of all stunted children that year. In 2016, an estimated 52 million children under 5 years of age worldwide suffered from wasting (with a low weight for their height, usually the result of an acute and significant food shortage and/or disease).
The global wasting rate in 2016 was 7.7 per cent, with the highest rate (15.4 per cent) in Southern Asia. At the other end of the spectrum, overweight and obesity affected 41 million children under 5 years of age worldwide (6 per cent) in 2016.
"Ending hunger demands sustainable food production systems and resilient agricultural practices. Increased investments are needed to enhance capacity for agricultural productivity", said Jonas Yeboah, CEO of Agricultural Sharing Economy (Agrishared) to Agridigitale.
However, the global agriculture orientation index — defined as agriculture’s share of government expenditure divided by the sector’s share of gross domestic product (GDP) — fell from 0.38 in 2001 to 0.24 in 2013 and to 0.21 in 2015.
Over 795 million people go to bed hungry every night and yet Africa has the highest uncultivated land. It has 800 million hectors of arable land uncultivated and 70% of its population are small holder farmers who produce 90% of it consumed food annually.
Small holder farmers in Africa are contributing significantly towards the goal 2; No hunger and this however also comes with several challenges that cannot be overemphasized.
They are faced with financial challenges, limited access to quality and affordable inputs, mechanization and technology, challenges in accessing ready and reliable market, technical knowhow and among others. This is hindering their dream of increasing productivity and profitability in order to contribute their quota to the goal.
Some organizations have taken steps to solve some of these challenges and one that I will present to you is Agrishared. Agrishared has built a blockchain based software that connects agribusinesses in the agricultural value chain to facilitate trade and contractual arrangement and ensures standards by seeing to it that farmers get inputs, tools and mechanization, technology and other services they need even on credit.
This software will help farmers to realize their dreams of increasing productivity and also remain profitable and thereby contributing to food security and the SDG 2; No Hunger.
"By using this software, most of their challenges such as financial, credit worthiness, limited access to inputs, Agricultural Extension Officers, reliable markets, and technical services can be solved", he concluded.
AgriShared is an AgriTech startup that connects all the actors in the agricultural value chain to facilitate trade, collaboration and ensures standards compliance.